Design Principles and Elements of Children's Educational Toys

Views:57     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2019-06-15      Origin:Site

Principles for the Design of Children's Educational Toys           

 Children's educational toys have gradually become a trend of development. Its main role is to develop children's intelligence. In order to make the design more standardized and rigorous, the following principles are summarized:            

1. The Principle of Intellectualize    


Children's intelligence toys, the most important function is reflected in their unique intelligence, can help children develop intelligence, add wisdom, can let children use both hands and brains, improve children's coordination ability. In the process of children's growth, toys play an important role, so through the study of children's intelligence toys, we can better study the basic physical and mental characteristics and behavioral characteristics of children. Children's puzzle toys are different from some common toys on the market. They make children feel happy in the process of playing, exercise their imagination and creativity, and can use appropriate puzzle toys according to different age stages to better tap children's potential. Therefore, the intelligence of toys plays an important role in training children's thinking ability.     


2. Safety Principles            

Safety factor is the key to any toy product. For children, a special group, especially preschool children, they will have the courage to try new things, often mistake small parts, improper operation of toys or inferior toys. It is unavoidable to cause some wrong actions. Therefore, when designing children's intellectual products, we should take children's physical and mental characteristics and basic behavior as the starting point, and take into account children's age and development characteristics, which requires designers to pay attention to some potential safety hazards in the design process, rationally apply the principles of ergonomics, ensure children's comfort and safety in the use process, and also pay attention to the green ring of materials. It can be renewable and achieve the principle of people-oriented.     

Beads Lacing Toys       

3. Recreational Principles    


The toy itself has entertainment, entertainment is one of the most prominent characteristics of children's intellectual toys. If children can experience happiness in playing and learning, it will be very helpful for them to feel and recognize the world better. If a toy only reflects the teaching mode, then it can not satisfy the curiosity of children, can not let them focus on the game, experience the fun, get emotional pleasure. Entertainment children's puzzle toys should start from children's interests, through the correct guidance mode, in the use process to imagine, perceive, learn and communicate, exercise their sensory ability, logical thinking ability and innovative ability.            

4. Principle of Interaction   


The principle of interaction is the core of children's educational toys. Nowadays toys not only focus on developing children's intelligence, but also tend to interact with children more and more. The contents of interaction are mainly manifested in three aspects: first, the interaction between children and toys; second, the interaction between children, toys and other people; third, the interaction between children, toys and space. In the interactive mode, children's toys can make their hearing, vision and touch feel well developed, thus promoting the emotional communication between children and toys. Interactive toys are mainly participatory, which can make toys participate in children's activities, so as to promote children's communication with the outside world, such as friends and parents can participate in it, to achieve children's satisfaction, and enhance their self-confidence. So interactive toys can meet the needs of children in many ways.            

Design Elements of Children's Intellectual Toys      


1. Functional elements        


Any product is form obedient function, and so is the design of children's toys. Function is the core element of children's puzzle toys. The design elements of toy design, such as shape, color and structure, are all based on the function of toys to reflect the characteristics of products. Considering whether the function of children's toys can meet the needs of children, we need to start with the psychological, physiological and behavioral characteristics of children. There are many kinds of children's puzzle toys, and each type has different functions. The functions of puzzle toys can be divided into the following categories:


(1) Language Type            

Language toys focus on training the ability of listening, reading, speaking and writing. Children can improve their language expression ability, communicate with the outside world through language, and make themselves feel happy. There are many children's electronic toys on the market that can produce sound. They can interact with children and make them feel better.            

Foam Alphabet Letters Board 2

(2) Logical Type            

Logical puzzle toys emphasize children's logical thinking ability, which can cultivate their logic and mathematical rationality. For example, chess and card toys, as well as some mathematical and mathematical operations toys, have played a certain role in promoting children's logical thinking.            

(3) Space Type            

Space puzzle toys cultivate children's perception of outer space, so that they have a basic understanding of space. For example, the classic building block toys open up children's divergent thinking mode, so that they can play freely in the creative space.            

(4) Social Category            

Social intelligence toys emphasize the interaction between children and others, and promote the communication between children and the outside world. For example, role playing Performing puzzle toys can judge the emotional changes of children's happiness, anger, sadness and joy. Through these experiences, we can get physical and mental pleasure.           

2. Styling Elements          


People choose puzzle toys, often the first impression depends on the appearance. The basic principle that children's puzzle toys should follow is to satisfy children's preferences. The overall appearance should be based on children's psychological needs. Cartoon image can be the first choice in appearance. Soft and natural curves can be used in lines. Considering safety, the shape should be smooth and angular, so that children can relax and be happy when using it. With the continuous progress of science and technology, children's aesthetic consciousness is also rising, so children's puzzle toys with aesthetic feeling will be more and more popular.            

Diy Puzzle Toy

3. Structural Elements      


Structures are the support of products. Toys and children's puzzle toys are assembled from many parts. There will be various parts of structures. The structure of each part can not be ignored, because it will involve children's personality, experience, comfort and durability in the process of using toys. The appearance of puzzle toys should also be realized on the basis of spatial structure. The following points should be paid attention to in structural design:  simple structure, easy to disassemble and assemble; overall aesthetic feeling can not be ignored; simplified die structure, easy to produce; reasonable structure design and excellent quality.  


4. Color Elements          


For children, color factors will directly affect their emotions, and different emotions can be expressed by different colors. Therefore, in the aspect of color design, we should proceed from children's psychological needs and use color collocation reasonably. Children's toys are usually brightly colored. Bright, soft and simple, warm tones can be selected in the color phase, or a little color matching can be added to avoid the color is too complex to affect the overall aesthetic feeling.    


5. Material Elements        


The aesthetic feeling of product appearance depends on the choice of materials, and different materials present different texture. Based on the fact that children's perception of the outside world depends largely on their sense of touch, the design of children's puzzle toys should take into account several aspects:  The material application of toy design in different age groups is also different;  The texture and aesthetic feeling of each material are different; flexible use should be made to express the characteristics of toys;  From a safety point of view, environmental protection and sustainability of materials should be advocated. 

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